For the GRE, liberal means generous, freely- flowing, open-minded, or pertaining to values like freedom of speech. Related Words: Hedonists, sybarites, and voluptuaries are people devoted to pleasure.
Debauchery is excessive indulgence in sensual pleasures. You can also use libertine as an adjective as in libertine attitudes. Related Words: Chronicle a historical account in time order More Info: Of course, a log is a piece of a tree, and to log can also mean to cut down trees what loggers do.
Related Words: Prolix and Verbose are synonyms. Magniloquent and Grandiloquent mean speaking in a lofty, grandiose style. Related Words: Lucid can mean literally clear, but often means metaphorically clear or clearheaded —a lucid argument, a lucid person.
The similar pellucid usually means literally transparent, as in pellucid waters. Related Words: Slack usually means loose, negligent, or lazy, but a slack can also be a calm spot in the water or a period of quiet or suspended activity.
The holidays represent a lull or slack in work at many companies. In ranching lingo, a maverick is still an unbranded animal. Her mendacity knows no bounds! Related Words: Erratic inconsistent, wandering, having no fixed course More Info: Mercurial comes from the idea that people born under the planet Mercury are quick but volatile. Usage: Sadly, his illness could not be cured, but the nurses made every effort to mitigate the symptoms. Related Words: Ameliorate, Palliate, and Alleviate are near-synonyms, all of which could take the place of mitigate in the sentence above.
More Info: Exacerbate and aggravate are antonyms, referring to making something worse. Related Words: Appease, Placate, and Assuage are near-synonyms. Related Words: Tedium that which is tiresome due to being too long, dull, or slow, as in The plot moved at a tedious pace. Moreover, the police are coming to arrest you for theft.
Related Words: Furthermore is a synonym. Both words can be used to begin a new independent clause after a semicolon, as in, We need additional studies to confirm our results; furthermore, we need funding for those studies. Related Words: Ethos the character, personality, or moral values specific to a person, group, time period, etc. Related Words: Quotidian can simply mean daily, or can have the more negative meaning of mundane.
Of course I got an offer for the very lowest number in the range! Now I know I should have tried to get a number from her first, or named a higher number so I could negotiate down. All children sound terrible the first couple of years, so she offered plenty of praise to encourage nascent talents.
Related Words: Inchoate and incipient also mean just beginning, not yet completed, although inchoate can also have the sense of chaotic or disordered. Related Words: Nullify is to make void or invalid. Related Words: The opposite of net is gross. Your gross income is what your company pays you, and your net income is what you actually get to take home. If you sell merchandise, all the money you collect is the gross, but very little of that or even none of it may be profit—you have to subtract expenses to calculate the net.
More Info: A related idea is tare. If you go to a pay-by-the-pound salad bar and get your salad in a heavy dish, the person weighing the salad will often deduct the tare—the weight of the dish—prior to calculating what you pay.
Related Words: Infamous is a synonym for notorious. Related Words: There are many more words for old, stale, overused ideas or writing lacking in novelty; trite, insipid, banal, and hackneyed are all antonyms of novel.
Usage: People with certain cognitive disabilities cannot understand the nuances of non-literal speech. Related Words: Usually occurring in the plural, nuances has the synonym subtleties.
More Info: Nuance can be important in negotiating, social situations, and flirting. Incidentally, nubilous means cloudy. Related Words: Impartial, Disinterested, Dispassionate, and Nonpartisan are all related to being fair and not having a bias or personal stake.
More Info: The opposite of objective is subjective taking place only in the mind, personal. When Toby realized that his son would rather sit and starve than eat mahi-mahi, he gave in and made him a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Related Words: Intractable is a synonym. Obdurate stubborn, hardhearted, hardened in wrongdoing can mean obstinate but is often more negative. A carbon offset is a reduction in emissions of greenhouse gases that can be applied to compensate for emissions made someplace else.
That is, a company that sends out a lot of carbon dioxide can compensate for polluting by financially supporting energy efficiency or wind turbine projects. Related Words: Cumbersome also means burdensome or clumsy or unwieldy , but usually in a physical way, whereas onerous is generally metaphorical. Arduous means difficult. Related Words: Turbid refers literally to water that is muddy and not clear because of stirred-up dirt or mud; metaphorically, it can mean obscured or confused, as in turbid feelings.
Related Words: Conventional means traditional or customary. The opposite of orthodox is, of course, unorthodox—or its synonym, heterodox. Seriously—Indian or Thai? Supersede means to replace or cause to be set aside iPods have superseded portable CD players. To outpace is to be faster than and to outwit or outfox is to be more clever than.
Usage: Far from being atypically bawdy, this limerick is a paradigm of the form—nearly all of them rely on off-color jokes. Related Words: Partisan partial to a particular party, group, etc. Predilection, Propensity, Proclivity, and Bent are all words for a preference or inclination He has an arrogant bent about him, and a propensity to offend others.
People are trapped in the rubble of an earthquake, and you suggest that we vote for your tax bill in exchange for your voting for our relief bill? Related Words: Partial biased, prejudiced; having a special liking for something More Info: Partisan is related to the idea of a party as in a political party.
A party or other self- interested group can also be called a faction. Partisanship gone too far could be called factionalism. Bipartisan means pertaining to both parties typically in a two-party system , and nonpartisan means unbiased or not affiliated with a party.
Related Words: Blatant means obvious or flagrant and is used to describe something bad blatantly disregarding the rules. His patronizing tone has been driving me crazy. Not only does he assume we can barely add or subtract, he also makes us put our heads down and have a moment of silence. More Info: As a verb, patronize means to be a patron of—that is, to support with money. You can be a patron of the arts, and restaurants sometimes have signs thanking you for your patronage.
This meaning is positive, while being patronizing is negative. Related Words: Predilection, Propensity, Proclivity, and Bent are all words for a preference or inclination He has an arrogant bent about him, and a propensity to offend others. Partial means biased, or having a special liking for something or someone.
A person with a penchant leans metaphorically in a certain direction. Related Words: Apostate person who deserts a party, cause, religion, etc. Whether it has good fitness facilities is really a peripheral concern.
Related Words: Pervade is a synonym. Related Words: Omnipresent and ubiquitous mean existing everywhere. Related Words: Faux, apocryphal, and spurious all mean fake or counterfeit. A phony person may possess various affectations fake behavior, such as in speech or dress, adopted to give a certain impression. Naturally, only similarly pious suitors need apply.
Related Words: Gist means main idea. To distill is to purify as water or extract the essential elements of as an idea. More Info: Pith is also the central part of a plant stem, feather, or hair. To pith cattle is to kill it by severing the spinal cord—that is, the central part. A pith helmet worn in battle is so called because it was originally made from the pith of the Bengal spongewood tree.
Lake Placid is a real place in New York, though, and seems to have been named with much the same thought in mind as the Pacific Ocean pacific also means peaceful. More Info: As a noun, a plummet or plumb bob is a weight on the end of a cord. To plumb or sound the depths of a body of water is to drop a plummet or sounding line and see how much cord is used when the plummet hits the bottom, and therefore how deep the water is.
When something plummets, the idea is that it is falling fast and straight down, as though it has been weighted. Related Words: Faction group or clique within a larger organization , Partisan partial to a particular party, group, etc.
She was so bored she thought she would die. Related Words: Tedium that which is tiresome due to being too long, dull, or slow, as in The plot moved at a tedious pace More Info: To ponder is simply to contemplate or think deeply about. But ponderous means boring, difficult to make your way through.
His novel The Garden of Eden was published posthumously in Posthumous also shares a root with humus—earth or soil, as in the kind a deceased person is buried in. Not to be confused with hummus, the spread made from chickpeas.
Related Words: A prologue is an introductory part, usually of a work of literature. Related Words: Parlous is a synonym. More Info: Predisposed certainly is related to the idea of being disposed.
While to dispose of something is to throw it away, to be disposed to do something is to be inclined to or willing to do it. For instance, He is disposed to be a good host. He sure did sound fancy, though. Related Words: Ostentatious pretentious, boastfully showy in order to impress others More Info: Pretentious shares an origin with pretend and pretense pretending or making a false show of something.
Related Words: Scrupulous can mean principled strictly following moral rules , or can mean precise, exact, careful about the details. More Info: A principle is a moral rule. A principal is the head of a school, and principal as an adjective means first or most important the money you owe on student loans, not including the interest, is the principal.
Thus, you could say something like My principal principle is never to lie. So it truly took his breath away, after hiking hours through the Himalayas, to visit a pristine forest, seemingly untouched by humans.
Related Words: Unadulterated and unsullied are near-synonyms. Related Words: Profligate utterly immoral or extremely prodigal , Wastrel or Spendthrift wasteful person More Info: In the Biblical story of the prodigal son, a son asks his dad if he can have his inheritance now, before the dad dies rude! Usage: The Great Wall of China consists of a prodigious series of fortifications stretching over 5, miles!
Related Words: Prodigious can be good or bad, but Titanic and Olympian specifically mean large or majestic in a manner suitable for the gods. More Info: Prodigious shares an origin with prodigy very gifted child.
Related Words: Exorbitant means excessive, especially by being outrageously expensive. Related Words: Prolific means producing a lot of something — generally either offspring rabbits are prolific or creative work a prolific songwriter.
More Info: A phrase associated with the Cold War was nuclear proliferation, the rapid buildup of nuclear weapons. Related Words: Preamble introductory statement, preface—such as the Preamble to the Constitution More Info: An epilogue is a concluding portion added after a literary work.
More Info: Of course, we pronounce a word, but pronounce can also mean declare, as in, He pronounced the book the best thing he had ever read.
Related Words: Pedestrian means commonplace, dull, or lacking imagination. Quotidian means daily or commonplace as daily things tend to be. Something lackluster is unexciting. Humdrum means boring or dull. Related Words: Circumspect cautious, prudent; careful to consider the circumstances and consequences , Provident showing foresight, being frugal or careful to provide for the future, thinking ahead in a wise way More Info: The antonym is imprudent.
Related Words: Belligerent, bellicose, and truculent are synonyms. Related Words: Tentative done in order to test; uncertain , Temper moderate, soften, tone down More Info: Of course, everyone knows qualified in the sense of qualified for the job. Use context to determine which meaning is intended. A qualified person is suitable or well-prepared for the job; a qualified statement or feeling is held back or limited. Related Words: Mired stuck, entangled in a swamp or muddy area or a problem that is hard to get out of.
Related Words: Mundane is a synonym. Pedestrian and prosaic mean commonplace, dull, or lacking imagination. Diurnal means occurring every day or happening in the daytime. The other use of ranks is also originally related to the military: the ranks or sometimes the rank and file means all the regular soldiers not the officers.
Related Words: Reap and sow are used together or separately as metaphors related to farming, and specifically the idea that the seeds that you plant or sow determine what you will later harvest or reap. A common expression is You reap what you sow. Related Words: Gainsay deny, refute, oppose , Negate deny or refute; make void or cause to be ineffective More Info: An opposite of refute is corroborate confirm.
Related Words: Redress setting something right after a misdeed More Info: Something irremediable cannot be remediated. You can even render fat by melting it ; many definitions of render have to do with changing the state of something.
Related Words: Admonish means scold or mildly criticize. Reprove, upbraid, reprimand, rebuke, excoriate, and castigate are all words for criticizing or scolding more harshly. Lee repudiated his former citizenship.
Related Words: Recant withdraw, retract, or disavow something one has previously said, esp. Related Words: Redress setting something right after a misdeed; compensation or relief for injury or wrongdoing , Recompense repay, reward, compensate More Info: Most people only know this word in the phrase unrequited love.
Even when no match was found for her son in the first year, her resolve was undampened. Related Words: Resolute firmly determined , Unequivocal clear or decided , Resolution the quality of being firmly determined; resolving to do something; a formal judgment, esp.
More Info: Respectively is important in making the meaning clear in some sentences. More Info: The expression in retrospect is often used to express what the speaker would have done or thought in the past if he knew what he knows now.
Related Words: Pious devout; religiously reverent and dutiful More Info: This word comes from the same place as reverend a minister, as in a church. Today, if you want to improve your rhetorical skills, you will probably have to hunt down a public speaking class or join Toastmasters. Related Words: Oratorical is a synonym. Related Words: Inchoate just begun, undeveloped, unorganized , Nascent and Incipient just beginning to exist, or in a very early stage of development More Info: Rudimentary shares a root with rude.
Rude originally meant crude or unlearned—that is, lacking rudiments first principles or early training. Related Words: Bumpkin and yokel are also words for an awkward, uncultured, simple person, generally from the country. Related Words: Sapient synonym , Prudent wise in practical matters, carefully providing for the future , Circumspect cautious, prudent; careful to consider the circumstances and consequences , Perspicacious very perceptive, insightful More Info: A sage is a respected wise person.
Sage is also an herb. Related Words: Salutary is a synonym. More Info: This word can be very confusing—its two definitions seem to be opposites. Allow and penalize? A person with too much phlegm would be phlegmatic sluggish, gloomy ; a person with too much bile would be bilious bitter, mean ; and a person ruled by blood would be sanguine. I feel like such a sap. Although the pictures were a bit dark, the photographer was able to increase the saturation in Photoshop, making our wedding photos ultimately look quite vivid!
More Info: Savory means appetizing or enjoyable. It can refer to foods that are pungent, salty, etc. Related Words: A modicum, scintilla, iota, mite, or tad of something is a small amount. A paucity or dearth is scarcity or lack.
Related Words: Assiduous is a synonym. Let it grow any more, it might become sentient! A rock, a very intoxicated person, and a murderer could all be described as insensate. Related Words: Synchronous and concurrent are synonyms. In a GRE Reading Comprehension passage, an author might be skeptical a very appropriate attitude for a scientist, for instance , but would never be cynical.
It was exhausting changing the subject two dozen times! Related Words: Myriad can also mean a very great number of something probably bigger than a slew. Related Words: Somnolent is a synonym. More Info: Sopor is a rare word meaning an abnormally deep sleep. A much more common word is the similar sounding stupor, meaning a state of numbness or not making sense for instance, a drunken stupor. Related Words: Fathom and Plumb used as verbs are synonyms.
More Info: A sounding line or plumb line is a length of rope with a weight at the bottom; dropping it into water will allow the weight to sink and the depth of the water to be measured. Instead, we sat in hard-backed chairs and drank water. Related Words: Ascetic pertaining to a simple life with no luxuries, such as that of a monk , Austere severe in manner or appearance; very self-disciplined More Info: The Spartans ancient Greeks from Sparta were portrayed in the movie , starring Gerard Butler.
Related Words: Inundate and deluge are both words for flooding, also used metaphorically to mean an overwhelming influx of something inundated with work, a deluge of complaints. More Info: A spearhead can, of course, be the sharp head of a spear. It can also be a person at the front of a military attack, or a leader of anything.
Related Words: Fallacious containing a fallacy, or mistake in logic; logically unsound; deceptive , Dubious doubtful, questionable, suspect , Meretricious attractive in a vulgar or flashy way, tawdry; deceptive More Info: Specious is related to the word species, from a Latin root having to do with appearances.
Related Words: Panoply splendid, wide-ranging, impressive display or array , Scope extent or range, such as of knowledge, effectiveness, authority, etc. Related Words: Erratic inconsistent, wandering, having no fixed course , Desultory lacking consistency or order, disconnected, sporadic; going off topic More Info: Sporadic is related to the idea of spores, reproductive structures that come off of plants, mushrooms, etc. In many cultures, such an act would be a stark violation of public decency.
Related Words: Status Quo existing state or condition , Stasis equilibrium, a state of balance or inactivity, esp. Paul Getty was so famously stingy that he installed pay phones in his mansion for guests to use. What a miser. Related Words: Impassive not having or not showing physical feeling or emotion , Inscrutable not able to be scrutinized, mysterious , Stolid showing little emotion More Info: The Stoics were ancient Greek philosophers who believed that self-control could overcome destructive emotions.
No response! Stoic is generally stronger and often related to enduring suffering. Related Words: Impede, hamper hold back, obstruct the progress of More Info: This word originates from golf. Related Words: Subsequent is a synonym and often appears as the adverb subsequently, as in He took the poison and subsequently fell into a coma. More Info: Relatedly, a successor is someone who comes after, usually in holding an office, as in After losing his bid for reelection, the outgoing President handed over the White House to his successor.
Related Words: Entreat, Beseech, and Implore are synonyms. More Info: Supplicate is related to supple pliant, flexible. Related Words: Lackey, Toady, and Myrmidon are synonyms. Fawn means to try to please in a submissive way. In slang, we might call a sycophant a boot-licker, suck-up, etc.
Related Words: Simultaneous and contemporaneous also mean occurring at the same time. Contemporaneous is appropriate for describing people in the same time period Charlie Chaplin and Mary Pickford had contemporaneous careers. More Info: In American English, to table something means to postpone discussion of it until later, but in British English, to table a bill is the opposite—to submit it for consideration.
Related Words: Implicit implied, not stated directly; involved in the very essence of something, unquestionable More Info: Tacit is related to taciturn not talking much, reserved.
Related Words: Reticent is a synonym. Something untempered is not controlled or moderated. Related Words: Intrepid means fearless and did, in fact, come from the rare word trepid, meaning fearful. Craven and pusillanimous mean cowardly. Even my conservative friends find his ranting embarrassing. Related Words: Diatribe, Tirade, Harangue, and Fulmination are all words for bitter, angry speeches or attacks.
Maybe you should think harder and come up with something original. Today, blatantly fake hair color—not to mention fake tans and unnaturally white teeth— are ubiquitous, not only on starlets, but even on the checkers at the local grocery store.
Related Words: Undergird means strengthen, support. More Info: Underscore literally can mean to underline, as in a word processing program—of course, we do this for emphasis. Chuck knew there was no getting around it this time. Related Words: Resolute or Unambivalent firmly determined , Resolution the quality of being firmly determined; resolving to do something; a formal judgment, esp. In law, a precedent is a ruling in a similar case that a judge would draw on or reference in writing a decision.
Related Words: Indecorous synonym , Boorish or Churlish rude, ill-mannered, insensitive , Uncouth having bad manners, awkward , Gauche tactless, lacking social grace, awkward, crude More Info: The antonym seemly means suitable, proper, appropriate, or even handsome. When you vacillate, your decisions are quite slippery, as though coated in petroleum jelly.
Related Words: Revere feel or express very deep respect and awe More Info: Something venerable is worthy of great respect and admiration and is possessed of great dignity usually associated with age or longstanding. A verbose person could stand to cut down on the verbiage. Related Words: Retro is an informal word used to describe the best of earlier times often related to fashion, design, etc. More Info: Vintage originated in relation to wine, and the same root appears in vine and vintner winemaker.
In this way, it is something of an opposite to virtual, which can mean not in name, but existing in reality The abused maid was nominally a free person, but kept as a virtual slave. Verbal abuse is actually a pretty good reason to break up. Vice or vitiating your things would be one reason for vituperating someone.
Related Words: Inconstancy Fickleness, unreliability; the state of changing without good reason , Erratic inconsistent, wandering, having no fixed course More Info: From chemistry: a volatile substance easily changes states, such as by evaporating. Related Words: Chary is a synonym there are very few rhyming synonyms in English! Katsoulas had always assumed his son would take over the family business, whereas his son had always assumed he would go away to college and never come back.
No, that! Related Words: Ardent very passionate , Fanatical excessively devoted, enthusiastic, or zealous in an uncritical way. Now, she is mostly seen in made-for-TV movies. Related Words: Acme, Summit, Pinnacle synonyms , Apex vertix, tip, point , Apogee high point, point at which the moon is furthest from the Earth More Info: The opposite of the zenith is the nadir, or lowest point.
Both words are terms from astronomy, referring to points directly above and below the observer on an imaginary sphere on which celestial bodies appear to be projected. Related Papers. Word smart for GRE. Word Smart, 4th Edition. By lam lak. Word smart. Word Smart Vocabulary. By Engr. By Omer Faruk Sakib. Download pdf. Remember me on this computer.
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