Students of English as a second language quickly discover that English is unlike their native tongue in the many ways it uses prepositions. The majority of other languages have relatively few prepositions, each of them serving many different communication purposes. English is different in that it has dozens of prepositions, none having exact equivalents in other languages.
This book offers practical guidelines for correct preposition usage, and provides hundreds of examples that incorporate English prepositions into familiar contexts. The author examines more than 60 prepositions.
We need a babysitter to take care of the baby this Saturday. With four small children, she is faced with a lot of stress. My friend arrived first, and was ahead ofme in line. You are in a hurry; please go ahead of me. E Ahead of can mean more advanced than. Because he was absent for two weeks, the other students in his class are ahead ofhim.
She has struggled all her life to get ahead. They are rivals, always competing to get ahead of each other. I asked for permission, and they told me to go ahead. We walked along the water's edge at the beach last night. Typical verbs before along:.
He used to sing along with me. Typical verbs used before along with:. They have been enemies all along. She and her old roommate didn't get along. I hope she gets along with her new roommate. They camped in the woods among the trees. The children quarreled among themselves. Typical verbs before among:. Among can mean to the individuals in a group. They distributed the flyers among the students. Among can mean included in a group. Your friends are among the survivors.
E Among can indicate many of a group. Latin dancing is popular among the college students. We walked around the block. Verbs commonly used before around:. Nouns commonly used after around:.
The earth spins around on its axis as it travels around the sun. Typical verbs used before around:. You are going east; to go west, you have to turn around. E Around means enclosing. The teacher drew a circle around each mistake. There is crime all around this city. C All around can mean on all sides of. People were screaming all around me. The bank is around the corner. Their farm is just around the bend. Go around back to pick up your merchandise.
I am so busy, I think I am going around the bend. Around adverb means approximately. We have around twenty dollars in our pockets. I'll see you at around three o'clock. All around can mean in many directions, randomly. The new teacher looked around the room. Verbs often used before around:. Around can mean do nothing. Those teenagers just hang around the mall with nothing to do. Verbs used before around:. Phrasal verbs. He seems to know everybody; he really gets around.
He left that job because the boss always kicked him around. We are kicking around the idea of moving to Florida. He showed me around the campus when I first arrived. She hangs around with a boy who lives up the street. She is running around with a new group of friends. As means in the role of. She is a trained teacher, but she works as a secretary in our office.
Typical verbs used before as:. We have selected you as the captain of the team. Typical verbs:. They all went to the movies; as for me, I stayed home. Part One. Use ahead of, along, among, around, and as to complete the exercises in this section.
In some cases, there is more than one possible answer. Her husband volunteers. Her partner whirled her. Her son was. Let's jog. My mom always sings with the radio when she's in the car. She's been trying for a long time to get.
The package will be prettier if you put a ribbon it. The political parties are fighting. There are people who need help all the city. They broke into the line, and now they are. They selected me. We've been driving place to park. Replace the underlined words w ith a phrasal verb that has the same meani ng. Her son works very hard to succeed. I hope you will finally make an effort to clean up your room.
It would be great if everybody could live together without fighting. Most of us were having fun. Regarding your brother, he just sat there by himself. Okay, do it! She is always with that tall, skinny fellow. At can indicate location. The women are at the supermarket. Nouns commonly used with this pattern:. She lives at North 52nd Street, apartment You can contact him by e-mail xyz. The symbol is pronounced "at:'. He was waiting in the room at the door.
He likes to sit in her apartment at the window facing the park. The children are at school. We aren't allowed to watch television when we are at dinner. Nouns used with this pattern:. They are at the movies. She is at a meeting. The teacher smiled at the new girl. The small boy threw a rock at the window.
Expression with this meaning:. The young man made a pass at the beautiful woman he met at the party. At is used to express time. We are leaving at four thirty. They went home at midnight. We always eat lunch at noon.
Expressions with this meaning:. At first we thought this hike would be easy. After that long drive, we are home at last. We discussed that topic at length at our meeting. We must pack up and leave at once.
At present they are sleeping. At the beginning we tried to go too fast. At the end of the story, everybody was happy. She gets nervous at the sound of his voice. We shudder at the thought of moving again. He is excited at the prospect of going to South America. The tall boy liked to go up the steps two or three at a time.
Try to learn one step at a time, rather than three or four at once. At can mean busy using something; working. I have been at the computer all day. Nouns often used after at the:. You must not bother him; he is at work. He has been at it for four hours. He wanted to go home, but he kept at it until the work was finished. C At can indicate a condition. Those two countries have been at peace for ten years.
Nouns used after at:. We were sick at heart when the dog died. We were shocked at the condition of the classrooms. Typical adjectives used before at:. The crowd rejoiced at the good news. Verbs commonly used before at:.
E At indicates a degree of skill. Your son is good at tennis, but not very good at hockey. That couple is really great at dancing the tango. Our professor is an old hand at government operations.
At can indicate a rate or level. At the market they are selling apples at sixty-nine cents a pound. I wish we could buy mangoes at that price. Her husband tries to buy everything at a discount. They are selling apples 69C a lb. You shouldn't work so hard at your age. He was still singing at the age of eighty. We can't see very well at this distance. The plane was flying at three thousand feet. I saw the new baby at a distance, and he looked beautiful.
I try to stay at arm's length from him to avoid an argument. She shouldn't drive at that speed. At twenty-five miles an hour on the freeway, she should get a ticket.
Exception: When speed is expressed in numbers after a verb, at is omitted. That driver is going eighty miles an hour. He drove sixty miles an hour the whole way home. G At can indicate the highest possible degree in value. At best she is an adequate typist. At least she comes to work every day. You should be here by five o'clock at the latest. Superlatives commonly used with this pattern:. He is at an advantage because his family has influence. When you are a newcomer at work, you are at a disadvantage.
His brother looked down at the heels when he was without work. I was at the intruder's mercy because he had a gun in my back. We can go home when we are ready, at our own discretion. You did a good job; leave it at that. We got lost, and in our hometown at that! The manager didn't exactly say his employer had been dishonest, but we all knew what he was getting at. Phrasal verb. The child picked at the scab on his knee.
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Accreditation Engagement Review Report. Jones is against rome When the noun determiner cannot be substituted, it is included in the pattern. Someone will come to his aid. Someone will come to our aid. The typical verbs, nouns, and adjectives listed with each pattern are the most common words that are used with the preposition. It is a good idea to think of the combinations as units. As an exercise, you may wish to write sentences with the suggested words, following the pattern and keeping the meaning of the combination in mind.
Verbs commonly used before about: agree, argue, brag, care, complain, cry, do, dream, forget, groan, hear, joke, know, laugh, lie, moan, pray, read, say, scream, sing, talk, think, wonder, worry, yell Expressions: to see about1. Adjectives commonly used before about: charming, kind, nasty, nice, mean, rude, sweet, understanding, unkind f About can identify the cause of an emotion or condition.
We have about ten dollars each. Typical past participles used before about: scattered, sprinkled, strewn, thrown 0 About can describe a noun. There is something adorable about her. There is nothing nice about that. Adjectives commonly used before about: adorable, attractive, bad, cute, exotic, fascinating, familiar, fishy, funny, good, interesting, nice, peculiar, special, strange, unusual, weird, wonderful C About can mean in all directions.
Verbs commonly use9 with these patterns: crawl, go, jump, look, move, poke, run, walk, wander 0 About adverb can mean almost. They're not about to go home early. The storm brought them about. Verbs commonly used before above: arrange, carry, hang, hold, keep, place, put, set f Above can mean at a higher level, value, or rank.
Her blood pressure is above normal. The children in her class are all above average. In the navy, a captain is above a commander. E Above adverb can indicate something written earlier in a book, article, or other document.
Please see the instructions above. Please follow the above instructions. Above indicates that a person is too good to commit the stated negative action. Gerunds often used with this meaning: breaking the law, cheating, gossiping, lying, robbing, snooping, stealing 0 Expressions up above adverb -in heaven Our dear grandmother is now in peace up above.
Verbs often used before across: crawl, drive, go, limp, move, ride, run, swim, walk f Across can mean on the other side of a place.
E Across from means opposite or facing. My secretary sits across from me. People across the world are using the Internet. There is a heat wave all across the country. Expression: across the board- including everyone or everything Everyone got a raise in salary: there was a wage increase of three percent across the board.
C Phrasal verbs come across nonseparable -find something unexpectedly I came across this old picture of you when I was looking for some documents. That school's athletes placed after ours in the playoffs. E After can mean in pursuit of. Verbs often used before after: be, come, go, run 0 After can mean because of.
Typical nouns used after after: attitude, behavior, failure, kindness, manners, outburst, reaction, success 0 After can mean in spite of. After reading this article three times, I still don't understand it. Life got harder year after year.
His mother told him time after time to clean up his room. Typical verbs used before against: butt, hold, keep, lay, lean, place, pull, put, rest, set f Against means touching forcibly.
Verbs often used before against: bang, beat, crash, crush, heave, hit, knock, push, splash, throw, thrust E Against means in opposition to.
Stealing is against the law. Our senator voted against that bill. Typical verbs used before against: act, argue, campaign, debate, fight, go, move, play, vote, work Nouns often used after against: action, bill, concept, enemy, force, idea, law, nomination, orders, plan, precepts, principles, proposal, regulations, religion, rules, suggestion, teachings, team, wishes 0 Against can mean toward a force in the opposite direction.
C Against can mean to the disadvantage of. It is hard to see your black necklace against that dark dress. Their heavy coats protect them against the cold. Typical verbs before against: guard, lock up, protect, seal, vaccinate Q Against can mean in partial payment of. Many people come to this country and become successful with all odds against them. When you are poor and sick, you have two strikes against you.
G Phrasal verb be up against nonseparable -be faced with opposition, trouble, or hard work My friend is up against a lot of problems. When he started his own business, he had no idea what he was up against. Use about, above, across, after, or against to complete the exercises in this section.
Fill in each blank with the most appropriate of these prepositions. The lecture was 2. The girls walked 3. Please don't lean 4. The reception is global warming. Will you hang the mirror the sofa for me? He is a liar and a cheat, but I'm sure he's not capable of murder. She wasn't very understanding 8. He put his desk mine. Whose room is my illness. The cat was running the mouse. Match each preposition in the left column with its definition s in the right column.
Change the underlined words in each sentence to a prepositional expression that has the same meaning. Eventually, he will be sorry. He became president of the company with no advantages. He is unwilling to sign the contract. She came home with me after the accident. That was unnecessary, but appreciated. The guests are ready to leave. There was no cheating; the transaction was completely legal.
Yes, we are hungry. This is justifiable, because we haven't eaten all day. Replace the underlined words with a phrasal verb that has the same meaning. Her children are similar to their father. Her grandmother can no longer walk without a cane. I found your old doll when I was cleaning out the closet. I wish I could make you understand that I'm not interested in selling my car.
Their bad behavior caused a lot of complaints in the community. This all happened very quickly. We need a babysitter to take care of the baby this Saturday. With four small children, she is faced with a lot of stress. My friend arrived first, and was ahead of me in line.
You are in a hurry; please go ahead of me. E Ahead of can mean more advanced than. Because he was absent for two weeks, the other students in his class are ahead of him. Typical verbs before along: jog, run, stroll, walk f Along with means together.
Typical verbs used before along with: hum, play, run, sing, walk, work E Expressions all along adverb -the whole past time They have been enemies all along. Typical verbs before among: argue, celebrate, debate, discuss something, fight, play, share something, talk 8 Among can mean to the individuals in a group.
Typical verbs before among: distribute, hand out, pass out 0 Among can mean included in a group. Your friends are among the survivors. E Among can indicate many of a group. Latin dancing is popular among the college students.
Verbs commonly used before around: drive, fly, race, ride, run, skip, travel, walk Nouns commonly used after around: block, building, house, room, track, world f Around adverb indicates movement in a circular direction in place. Typical verbs used before around: spin, turn, whirl Expressions: 1. E Around means enclosing. Verbs commonly used with this pattern: draw, fasten, put, tie, wrap 0 All around means in all areas of. There is crime all around this city.
C All around can mean on all sides of. People were screaming all around me. The bank is around the corner. Their farm is just around the bend. Expressions: 1. I'll see you at around three o'clock. Verbs often used before around: drive, flit, go, jump, look, march, move, play, run, search, shop, snoop, walk, wander 0 Around can mean do nothing.
Verbs used before around: drag, fool, goof, hang, lie, lurk, mope, sit! Expression give someone the runaround-avoid taking action by giving long explanations When I tried to return my broken air conditioner, the store manager gave me the runaround. Phrasal verbs get around intransitive -often visit a lot of places and meet a lot of people He seems to know everybody; he really gets around. Typical verbs: choose, elect, nominate, pick, select, use 8 Expression as for me-regarding me They all went to the movies; as for me, I stayed home.
Use ahead of, along, among, around, and as to complete the exercises in this section. In some cases, there is more than one possible answer. Her husband volunteers a soccer coach. Her partner whirled her the dance floor. Her son was the finalists in the competition. My mom always sings with the radio when she's in the car. The package will be prettier if you put a ribbon 8. There are people who need help all They broke into the line, and now they are us.
They selected me their representative. We've been driving the neighborhood looking for a place to park. Her son works very hard to succeed. I hope you will finally make an effort to clean up your room. It would be great if everybody could live together without fighting. Most of us were having fun. Regarding your brother, he just sat there by himself. Okay, do it! She is always with that tall, skinny fellow. He likes to sit in her apartment at the window facing the park. Nouns commonly used with this pattern: counter, desk, table, window f At indicates a place of attendance.
We aren't allowed to watch television when we are at dinner. She is at a meeting. Nouns commonly used with this pattern: breakfast, brunch, celebration, concert, conference, dance, debate, dinner, forum, function, funeral, game, lecture, luncheon, meeting, movies, parade, party, play, program, reading, reunion, show, wedding 6 At can indicate in the direction of; toward.
They went home at midnight. We always eat lunch at noon. Expressions with this meaning: at first- when something started At first we thought this hike would be easy.
We shudder at the thought of moving again. He is excited at the prospect of going to South America. He has been at it for four hours. Expression: keep at it- not stop working He wanted to go home, but he kept at it until the work was finished. C At can indicate a condition. Nouns used after at: attention, ease, peace, rest, risk, war Expression: sick at heart-sad We were sick at heart when the dog died. Verbs commonly used before at: cheer, grumble, guess, hint, hoot, laugh, rebel, rejoice, snort, tremble E At indicates a degree of skill.
Typical adjectives used before at: bad, excellent, good, great, lousy, skilled, terrible Expression: be an old hand at-be very experienced with Our professor is an old hand at government operations.
I wish we could buy mangoes at that price. Her husband tries to buy everything at a discount. He was still singing at the age of eighty. We can't see very well at this distance.
The plane was flying at three thousand feet. Expressions: at a distance- from far away I saw the new baby at a distance, and he looked beautiful.
At twenty-five miles an hour on the freeway, she should get a ticket. Exception: When speed is expressed in numbers after a verb, at is omitted. That driver is going eighty miles an hour. He drove sixty miles an hour the whole way home.
G At can indicate the highest possible degree in value. At least she comes to work every day. You should be here by five o'clock at the latest. Superlatives commonly used with this pattern: best, least, most, worst the earliest, the latest 4D Expressions be at an advantage-be in a better-than-average position He is at an advantage because his family has influence.
Phrasal verb pick at something nonseparable -agitate with one's fingernails The child picked at the scab on his knee. The children went back to the museum to see the new exhibit. Typical verbs: bring, carry, drive, pull, push, take f Back from indicates return to a starting place from a different place. We can't leave until your mother gets back from her trip.
Typical verbs before back from: be, come, drive, fly, get, move, run, walk 8 Back indicates a return of something. I took the dress back to the store because it didn't fit. Typical verbs: call, bring, pay, put, take 0 Phrasal verbs get back intransitive -move out of the way We wanted to see the action, but they made us get back. We must leave before four o'clock. She is so ambitious that she puts her job before her family. Q Before can mean facing. The handsome singer had many adoring fans before him.
The bride smiled as she thought of the happiness before her. I was told to appear before the judge. The trash can is behind the chair. My friend sits behind me in class. Miss Thompson's class is studying lesson three; the other classes are studying lesson four.
Miss Thompson's class is behind the other classes. C Behind can mean left in the past. He is rich now; all his financial problems are behind him.
Those candidates have a lot of money behind them. There must be a greedy person behind this scheme. Typical nouns after behind: a person or people idea, plan, plot, project, scheme 0 Expressions behind the scenes-not seen The lawyer knew all the facts about the case; he had a lot of help behind the scenes. Your body temperature is ninety-seven degrees; it is below normal, which is ninety-eight point six.
In our company the supervisors are below the directors. Our offices are on the fourth floor; theirs are below ours, on the third floor. There is a picnic ground just below the bridge. That was really below the belt. Use the prepositions at, back, back to, back from, before, behind, and below to complete the exercises in this section. Fill in each blank with the most appropriate of these prepostions. Are you good math?
I have to study hard so I won't be the other students. My son is baseball practice right now. She will be very surprised this good news. The actor puts his career the interests of his family. The doctor says I'm okay and that I can go work. The mother brought her child home. The new teacher smiled us.
The people in the apartment mine make a lot of noise. These shoes don't fit; I'm going to take them the store. When did you get your vacation? When I said good night, he was still his desk. After the financial crisis, everybody has to spend less.Thank you for interesting in our services. We are a non-profit group that run this website to share documents. We need your help to maintenance this website. Please help us to share the ins and outs of prepositions pdf free download service kisliye maine pyar kiya mp3 song free download your friends. Share Embed Donate. Prepositions are just little words that never change in form; they are pronounced softly, in unstressed syllables; they aren't even given capital letters in book titles; native speakers choose the correct ones without thinking. How can they be confusing? The word preposition has a straightforward definition: a word placed before a noun or pronoun to define its relationship with another word in the sentence. For the learner of English, however, prepositions downloda anything but straightforward. Example: In the sentence,"The book is on the table;' what does on mean? On means "above and supported by. Examples: Spanish Anx Tiralo -a la basura. The ins and outs of prepositions pdf free download a la casa de tu hermano. Throw it in the trash. Let's go the ins and outs of prepositions pdf free download your brother's house. The celebration starts at midnight. Penso ate. He lives in Washington. He's at the airport. Er is auf dem Flughafen. Werfen Sie es an den Abfall. The Ins and Outs of Prepositions by Jean Yates. 1 / A-PDF CHM TO PDF DEMO: Purchase from www. * Two- or Three-Word Combinations That Function As Prepositions. 4 / She downloaded a new program this morning. Ins and Outs of Prepositions - Jean Yates - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free. Practical . The ins and outs of. Click link bellow and free register to download ebook: INS AND OUTS OF PREPOSITIONS, THE: A GUIDEBOOK FOR ESL STUDENTS BY JEAN. YATES. Colt Blueprints - Free download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online for free. ALL BATF RULES APPLY FOR ACADEMIC USE. Ins and Outs of Prepositions by Jean Yates Ph.D. - This book, now in its revised second edition, was written primarily for ESL students. However, it's also. Access-restricted-item: true. Addeddate: Bookplateleaf: Boxid: IA City: Hauppauge, New York. Ins and Outs of Prepositions - Jean Yates - Free ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read book online for free. Practical. Ins and Outs of prepositions, The: A Guidebook for ESL Students [Yates, Jean] on a Kindle? Get your Kindle here, or download a FREE Kindle Reading App. These free alphabet worksheets are hands-on and engaging for young children. Kids practice upper and lowercase letters, letter sounds, and making patterns. Most of the United States:. Our efforts were all for naught; we lost. Someone will come to your aid. The money goes toward helping the family. After can mean in the style of. Fill in each blank with the most appropriate of these prepostions. We shudder at the thought of moving again. Verbs used before for:. Nouns often used with this meaning:. Red is for stop; yellow is for caution; green is for go. Post a Comment. When did you get your vacation? There is nothing nice about that. I know you don't want to go, but that's irrelevant, because you have to go. By can mean according to a form, period of time, packaging, weight, number, or amount.